Last week, the Google’s Android team announced first-class support for Kotlin during a keynote at the annual Google I/O conference, which is a fantastic news for android developers as well as the rest community. So far, the android developers were using Kotlin through a plug-in, but now they can easily ship it alongside Java and C++ with the official Android IDE.
If you are still unaware of what Kotlin is and what would be its impact on android app development, consider the following key points shared by the experts of AppInventiv- the top-rated mobile application development company:
What is Kotlin?
Kotlin is a statically typed JVM language built by none other than the creators of the IntelliJ IDE, Jetbrains. Built upon Java, this android programming language offers handy features including null-safety, data classes, extensions, functional concepts, and operator overloading.
What’s so special about Kotlin?
Kotlin is inter operable with the most widely used programming language, Java and this is what makes it more favorable for android app development. The java files can be converted to equivalent Kotlin files. All types defined in Kotlin can be used from within Java like any other Java type. Also, one can use Java classes like Java IO, Apache Commons, JavaFX, Guava etc. from Kotlin.
Also, Kotlin, just like C#, allows developers to define methods on a class while not writing them inside in the class. This is really useful in case one is working with a lot of library code that cannot be changed. Apart from this, it is also helpful in keeping the actual classes small and easy to define.
Is it different from Java?
In Java, everything has to be in a class. Even if you need a function not related to any class, you have to make it a static method of some class, but no such things are compulsory in case of Kotlin. According to the top android app development companies, you can just define functions at the top level of the file and use for variables and objects; there’s no need for the Singleton pattern in this language.
Beside this, the code written with this new android app development language is much simpler and human-readable than the Java equivalent, even when both are referring to the same classes or libraries. Thus, it is quite easier to debug with Kotlin.
What would be its impact on the app’s functionality or appearance?
As both Kotlin and Java are compatible, there won’t be any change in the functionality of an android app created using Kotlin language. But, since the coding will be less stressful and time-consuming, the android app developer will find more time to work on the UI. This means it is possible for android developers to create an engaging, user-centric mobile app in lesser time with the help of this new android app development language.
In nutshell, it’s a golden opportunity for organizations to try out a new programming language with minimal risk, and reinvent their android app development experience.